Middle Ages Vs The Renaissance. Medieval Vs Renaissance Clothing.

Starting around the 14th century, European thinkers, writers and artists began to look back and celebrate the art and culture of ancient Greece and Rome. It was especially deadly in cities, where it was impossible to prevent the transmission of the disease from one person to another.

Kings, queens and other frontrunners derived much of their power from their alliances with and protection of the Church.

These guidelines helped it to amass a great deal of money and power. At its height, the medieval Islamic world was more than three occasions bigger than all of Christendom. Under the caliphs, great cities such as Cairo, Baghdad and Damascus fostered a vibrant intellectual and cultural life.

Poets, scientists and philosophers published thousands of books on paper, a Chinese invention that had made its way into the Islamic world by the 8th century.

Scholars translated Greek, Iranian and Indian texts into Arabic. Inventors devised technologies like the pinhole camera, soap, windmills, surgical devices, an early soaring machine and the system of numerals that we use today.

And religious scholars and mystics translated, interpreted and taught the Quran and other scriptural texts to people across the Middle East. Crusaders, who wore red crosses on their jackets to advertise their status, believed that their support would guarantee the remission of their sins and make sure that they could spend all eternity in Heaven.

They also received more worldly rewards, such as papal protection of their property and forgiveness of some kinds of loan payments. The Crusades began inwhen Pope Urban summoned a Christian army to fight its way to Jerusalemand continued on and off until the end of the 15th century.

InChristian armies captured Jerusalem from Muslim control, and groups of pilgrims from across Western Europe started visiting the Holy Land. Many of them, however, were robbed and wiped out as they crossed through Muslim-controlled territories during their journey.

Arounda French knight named Hugues de Payens created a military order along with eight relatives and acquaintances that became the Knights Templarand they won the eventual support of the pope and a reputation for being fearsome fighters. They did make ordinary Catholics across Christendom feel like they had a common purpose, and they inspired dunes of religious enthusiasm among people who might otherwise have felt alienated from the recognized Church.

They also uncovered Crusaders to Islamic books, science and technology—exposure that would have a lasting effect on European intellectual life. The Middle Ages: Art and Architecture Another way to show devotion to the Church was to build grand cathedrals and other ecclesiastical structures such as monasteries.

Cathedrals were the largest buildings in medieval Europe, and they could be found at the center of towns and cities across the continent. Between the 10th and 13th hundreds of years, most European cathedrals were built in the Romanesque style.

Romanesque cathedrals are solid and substantial: They have rounded masonry arches and barrel vaults supporting the roof, thick stone walls and few windows. Aroundchurch builders began to embrace a new architectural style, known as the Gothic. Gothic structures, such as the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis in France and the rebuilt Canterbury Cathedral in England, have huge stained-glass windows, pointed vaults and arches a technology designed in the Islamic worldand spires and soaring buttresses.

In contrast to heavy Romanesque buildings, Gothic architecture seems to be almost weightless. Medieval religious art took other forms as well. Frescoes and mosaics decorated church interiors, and artists painted devotional images of the Virgin Mary, Jesus and the saints.

Also, before the invention of the printing press in the 15th century, even books were works of art. Craftsmen in monasteries and later in universities created illuminated manuscripts: handmade sacred and secular books with colored illustrations, gold and silver lettering and other adornments.

Convents were one of the few places women could receive a higher educationand nuns wrote, translated, and illuminated manuscripts as well.

In the 12th century, urban booksellers began to market smaller illuminated manuscripts, like books of hours, psalters and other prayer books, to wealthy individuals. Did You Know? Juliana Morell, a 17th-century Spanish Dominican nun, is believed to be the first woman in the Western world to earn a university degree.

Chivalry and courtly love were celebrated in stories and songs spread by troubadours. The plague started in Europe in Octoberwhen 12 ships from the Black Sea docked at the Sicilian port of Messina.

Most sailors aboard the ships were dead, and those who were alive were covered in black boils that oozed blood and pus.

middle ages vs renaissance art


Most sailors aboard the ships were dead, and those who were alive were covered in black boils that oozed blood and pus.

Symptoms of the Black Death included fever, chills, vomiting, diarrhea, terrible aches and pains — and then death. Victims could go to bed feeling healthy and be dead by morning. The plague killed cows, pigs, goats, chickens and even sheep, leading to a wool shortage in Europe. Understandably terrified about the mysterious disease, some people of the Middle Ages believed the plague was a divine punishment for sin.

Others turned on their neighbors, purging people they believed to be heretics. Thousands of Jews were murdered between andwhile others fled to less populated areas of Eastern Europe.

Today, scientists know the plague was caused by a bacillus called Yersina pestis, which travels through the air and can also be contracted through the bite of an infected flea or rat, both of which were common in the Middle Ages, especially on ships.

Landless peasants known as serfs did most of the work on the fiefs: They planted and harvested crops and gave most of the produce to the landowner. In exchange for their labor, they were allowed to live on the land. They were also promised protection in case of enemy invasion.

During the 11th century, however, feudal life began to change. Agricultural innovations such as the heavy plow and three-field crop rotation made farming more efficient and productive, so fewer farm workers were needed—but thanks to the expanded and improved food supply, the population grew.

As a result, more and more people were drawn to towns and cities. Meanwhile, the Crusades had expanded trade routes to the East and given Europeans a taste for imported goods such as wine, olive oil and luxurious textiles.

As the commercial economy developed, port cities in particular thrived. Bythere were some 15 cities in Europe with a population of more than 50, In these cities, a new era was born: the Renaissance.

Citation Information.

The middle ages was an era of European history caused by a gradual decline in the Roman Empire. The renaissance began after the wars and plagues when people wanted to celebrate life and the human spirit. This was a period of revival for art, writing, and learning.

The main topics which show the similarities and differences between these periods are art and literature, religion, and government. Art and literature …show more content… Overall art and literature became much more advanced and creative over time from the middle ages to the renaissance.

Religion changed between the times of the middle ages and the renaissance. During the middle ages, the church build monasteries to adapt to rural conditions.

Monks devoted their lives to serving god in monasteries. Women who devoted their lives to god were nuns and lived in convents. The church was very powerful and shaped the lives of people from all social classes. All medieval Christians were subject to canon law in matters like marriage and religious practices.

In the renaissance people began thinking that the authority and wealth of the church was corrupt. These new ideas and opinions spread fast because of the printing press. Martin Luther, a German monk, wrote 95 theses against the church.

His 95 theses spread throughout Germany and sparked the reformation, which split the church and produced a new form of Christianity called Protestantism. Protestantism spread across Europe. People who remained true to Catholicism started the catholic reformation in response to the 95 theses and the church changed some of its ways.

The main difference with religion between the middle ages and the renaissance is that Catholicism was split into many Related Documents Essay Medieval vs. Renaissance Art Medieval vs.

The two have contrasting characteristics and concepts. To the people in the medieval world, religion was their life. Everything in daily life focused around the church and God Modern World Medieval culture influenced the arts; this was evident in the religious themes.

During the Italian Renaissance, painters and other artists focused on the portrayal of a more humanistic way of….


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Middle ages vs the renaissance

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